After rolling ratifications of the Paris Climate Agreement by nations, the accord finally entered into a legal force on November 4, thus binding the governments, who have agreed to control the global temperature rise, to adhere to their promised contributions.
The Paris Climate Agreement signing ceremony in April 2016 witnessed the most number of countries signing an international pact on a single day to deal with greenhouse gases emissions, mitigation and adaptation within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
India, the European Union, the US and China, among others, have ratified the pact, thus making it a law on November 4. The countries now carry a responsibility to clutch the global warming levels under 2C, which is the limit of safety, beyond which climate change is likely to become irreversible according to scientists.
Though countries have pledged to respect the commitments made, environmentalists have urged the governments to contribute more as according to a report, those pledges would see temperature rise significantly with 3C of warming.
“The voices of the people who will be hit hardest by the devastating impacts of climate change need to be heard. Governments must work to plan practical steps for the agreement’s implementation, and set out how climate finance can actually reach people in the poorest, most vulnerable countries,” said Andrew Norton, director of the International Institute for Environment and Development.
To discuss about the same and how to put the plans in actions, governments will meet in Morocco next week. “Humanity will look back on November 4, 2016 as the day that countries of the world shut the door on inevitable climate disaster and set off with determination towards a sustainable future,” said Patricia Espinosa, climate chief of UN and Salaheddine Mezouar, foreign minister of Morocco, in a joint statement.
Time to walk the talk
India had confirmed that it will take major steps to contribute to the climate action which will include reducing emission intensity by 35 pc, building 40 pc capacities for power generation from non-fossil fuels, creating additional carbon sink of 2.5 billion tonnes, investing in reducing vulnerability and enhancing adaptation to climate change.
Along with this, the country will work to save 80 million tonnes of carbon equivalent per annum and to increase public transport in three years.
India holds a strong ambition for sustainable development and was among the top 10 countries investing in renewable energy in 2015, with an investment of USD 10.2 billion, but the implementation of plans under the pact and their results are yet to show results.