A bust of the renowned ancient Indian mathematician and astronomer, Aryabhatta, was unveiled by Irina Bokova, Director General of UNESCO and Smriti Irani, Indian Human Resource Development Minister here in Paris on Tuesday.
Unveiling the bust, Bokova underlined the key contribution of Aryabhatta and several other Indian mathematicians to the development of global mathematics, upon which practically the entire science known to humanity has been built.
The ‘International Conference on Zero’ was organised by UNESCO and India’s Ministry for Human Resource Development. Bokova, who was speaking at the valedictory session, welcomed India’s increasing contribution and commitment to UNESCO and reminded the audience of visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to UNESCO in 2015 where he had reiterated India’s commitment to UNESCO and to contributing to spread of knowledge and to work towards removing the gaps in education and knowledge that exist between nations.
She also reminded the audience of the importance of India as a centre for science and knowledge for several centuries and its immense contribution to development of mathematics with several great mathematicians whose work laid the foundation of modern maths.
On the occasion, Smriti Irani said that lasting peace in the world was only possible when nations managed to reduce the vast inequality that existed in the education system of various nations.
She added that India had been trying to address this issue and specially since the current government led by Modi took charge in May 2014. “One such focus area is improving the quality of education at all levels, in all schools and all over India. We are also focusing on the quality of training and retraining teachers,’’ Irani told the gathering that included a number of UNESCO delegates and other invitees, besides the mathematicians from various parts of the world who had assembled for the occasion.
“India is at cusp of great transformation. Our government has launched one of the most ambitious programmes in the world to take skills and education to all corners of India,’’ she added. She said for subjects like mathematics and science, the government was focused on ensuring that all children, especially the girls and differently-abled children, were provided with adequate opportunities to advance in these fields.
Noted mathematician of Indian origin, Professor Manjul Bhargava of Princeton university spoke of the use of mathematics as the foundation and base of Indian poetry and music in the ancient ages. He said the entire grammar of Sanskrit was explained by Panini, a grammatician and a mathematician, using mathematics and this was the first and only time that the entire grammar of a language has been put in mathematical terms.
He also went on to list 10 greatest mathematicians of India from different ages and regretted that even Indian text books no longer talked of them and their extremely crucial contribution to the development of mathematics and its various branches, including trigonometry, geometry, algebra etc.